How Does a Casino Know Its House Edge and Variance?


A casino needs to know its house edge and variance to be able to make a profit. The house edge is the percentage that a casino will earn, while the variance is the amount of money it needs to cover its costs. This work is usually performed by mathematicians and computer programmers called gaming analysts. Because most casinos don’t have in-house expertise in this area, they outsource the work to outside experts. But how does a casino ensure that their games have the right house edge?

A casino uses elaborate surveillance systems to monitor the entire gambling floor. Security guards watch every table, doorway, and window. They can adjust cameras to focus on someone who looks suspicious, and video feeds are saved for later review. Slot machines, for example, use computer chips to determine how much each machine pays. The casino also has employees who monitor the floor to ensure that no one is tampering with the games. The result is that there are few unnatural people in a casino, and the casino staff is able to protect itself and its patrons.

There are many types of games available in a casino, from roulette to slot machines. Some casinos are known for inventing new games, while others offer classic favorites like blackjack and roulette. In the U.S., casinos are regulated by state laws, and some are banned altogether. But the popularity of casino games has grown exponentially in recent years. These sites have made gambling a social activity for the rich. In addition to providing entertainment, they are also a great place to make money.